Padraig lenihan consolidating conquest
Most of the land colonised was forfeited from the native Gaelic chiefs, many of whom had fled Ireland for mainland Europe in 1607 following the Nine Years' War against English rule in Ireland.The official plantation comprised an estimated half a million acres (2,000 km²) of arable land in counties Armagh, Cavan, Fermanagh, Tyrone, Tyrconnell and Londonderry.The remaining Irish landowners were to be granted one quarter of the land in Ulster.The peasant Irish population was intended to be relocated to live near garrisons and Protestant churches.The brief rebellion was suppressed by Sir Richard Wingfield at the Battle of Kilmacrennan.
It also resulted in many of the native Irish losing their land and led to ethnic and sectarian conflict, notably in the Irish rebellion of 1641.
This would have included large grants of land to native Irish lords who had sided with the English during the war, for example Niall Garve O'Donnell.
However, the plan was interrupted by the rebellion in 1608 of Sir Cahir O'Doherty of Inishowen, who captured and burned the town of Derry.
It was also a period of revolts, suppression and the threat of invasion Ã of the Ulster plantations, CromwellÃ s campaigns, the massacres of Drogheda and Wexford and the Battle of the BoyneÃ iconic events which laid the foundations for many centuries of trouble to come.
was the organised colonisation (plantation) of Ulster – a province of Ireland – by people from Great Britain during the reign of King James I.